Measurements of respiration rates can be performed with our sensors in a variety of matrixes. Typically, a closed chamber (air-tight) with a regulated temperature is used and PyroScience sensors spots or fiber sensors are integrated in the measurement chamber.

Our REDFLASH technology allows measurements in low-light environments and less stress of the examined animals.

Using our solution, the respiration rates were measured of:

  • Enclosed sediments, soils or biofilms
  • Measurement of respiration of plants, animals, algae or fish


Our ready-to-use sensor respiration vials were specially designed for this application. These vials are available with integrated oxygen, pH and temperature sensor stripes with different volumes and can be closed air-tight. Addition of compounds is possible by puncturing the septum in the lid with injection needles.



Related Peer-Reviewed Publications

The kinetics of denitrification in permeable sediments
Evrard et al., 2013, Biogeochemistry

Aerobic scope predicts dominance during early life in a tropical damselfish
Killen et al., 2014, Functional Ecology

All puffed out: do pufferfish hold their breath while inflated?
McGee and Clark, 2014, Biology Letters

The effect of temperature and ration size on specific dynamic action and production performance in juvenile hapuku (Polyprion oxygeneios)
Khan et al., 2015, Aquaculture

Metabolic rates are elevated and influenced by maternal identity during the early, yolk-dependent, post-hatching period in an estuarine turtle, the diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin)
Rowe et al., 2017, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology

Rising temperatures may drive fishing-induced selection of low-performance phenotypes
Clark et al., 2017, Scientific Reports

Oxygen dynamics in shelf seas sediments incorporating seasonal variability
Hicks et al., 2017, Biogeochemistry

Discovery of a resting stage in the harmful, brown-tide-causing pelagophyte, Aureoumbra lagunensis: a mechanism potentially facilitating recurrent blooms and geographic expansion
Kang et al., 2017, Journal of Phycology

Thermal stress effects on energy resource allocation and oxygen consumption rate in the juvenile sea cucumber, Holothuria scabra (Jaeger, 1833)
Kühnhold et al., 2017, Aquaculture

Relationship between oxygen concentration, respiration and filtration rate in blue mussel Mytilus edulis
Tang and Riisgård, 2017, Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

Sediment resuspension effects on dissolved organic carbon fluxes and microbial metabolic potentials in reservoirs
Dadi et al., 2017, Aquatic Sciences

Cellular respiration, oxygen consumption, and trade-offs of the jellyfish Cassiopea sp. in response to temperature change
Al-jbour et al., 2017, Journal of Sea Research

Carbon Bioavailability in a High Arctic Fjord Influenced by Glacial Meltwater, NE Greenland
Paulsen et al., 2017, Frontiers in Marine Science

Patterns of dark respiration in aquatic systems
Mantikci et al. 2020, Marine and Freshwater Research

Do males and females respond differently to ocean acidification? An experimental study with the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus
Marčeta et al. 2020, Environmental Science and Pollution Research 

Experimental support towards a metabolic proxy in fish using otolith carbon isotopes
Martino et al. 2020, Journal of Experimental Biology

Acute high temperature exposure impairs hypoxia tolerance in an intertidal fish
McArley et al. 2020, PLOS One

Functional role of biofouling linked to aquaculture facilities in Mediterranean enclosed locations
Montalto et al. 2020, Aquaculture Environment Interactions

Dityrosine formation via reactive oxygen consumption yields increasingly recalcitrant humic‐like fluorescent organic matter in the ocean
Paerl et al. 2020, Limnology and Oceanography Letters.

Hypoxia alters vulnerability to capture and the potential for trait-based selection in a scaled-down trawl fishery
Thambithurai et al. 2020, Conservation Physiology

Bacterial Respiration used as a Proxy to evaluate the Bacterial Load in Cooling Towers
Toman et al. 2020, Sensors

Breathing with fins: do the pectoral fins of larval fishes play a respiratory role?
Zimmer et al. 2020, American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology

Valid oxygen uptake measurements: using high r2 values with good intentions can bias upward the determination of standard metabolic rate
Chabot et al. 2020, Fish Biology

Cardiorespiratory adjustments to chronic environmental warming improve hypoxia tolerance in European perch (Perca fluviatilis)
Ekström et al. 2021, Journal of Experimental Biology

Thermal acclimation of tropical coral reef fishes to global heat waves
Johansen et al. 2021, eLife

A brain‐infecting parasite impacts host metabolism both during exposure and after infection is established
Nadler et al. 2021, Functional Ecology

Effects of food limitation on growth, body condition and metabolic rates of non-native blue catfish
Nepal et al. 2021, Conservation Physiology

Post-exercise respirometry underestimates maximum metabolic rate in juvenile salmon
Raby et al. 2020, Conservation Physiology