Respiration in Stress Biology
Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre (MARE) Polytechnic of Leiria, Portugal
Involved scientists: Lénia Rato, Sara C. Novais, Marco F. L. Lemos
Our laboratory has been working with stress biology for more than 10 years, addressing aquaculture improvement, climate change, pollution, and bioinvasions. Hypothesis have been tested in a vast array of organisms – from rotifers to sharks. In a recent project, regarding crab bioinvasions, respirometry was added as a physiological proxy of stress, in addition to other well-established individual and sub-cellular endpoints related to behaviour, bioenergetics, detoxification, and oxidative stress. Bioinvasions are modulated by organismal acclimation and plasticity to their surrounding environment, integrating both underlying coping mechanisms and species interaction. In this project, our goal was to investigate native and invaders plasticity to pollution.
To address this goal, we measured a range of individual and sub-cellular parameters on native and invasive crabs exposed to a new generation pesticide, under controlled hydrological parameters (temperature, salinity, and pH). Respiration rate, as an organismal-level measurement, was assessed using PyroScience sensor technology. The employed setup encompassed a FireSting®-O2 meter (4-channel oxygen meter), optical fibres with integrated lens (SPFIB-LNS), and oxygen sensor spots (OXSP5).
Conclusion from data and application
The obtained data, deriving from the high standard technological set-up and experimental design, showed that both native and invasive species’ oxygen consumption was affected under pollution stress, in different ways. Despite pesticide presence in the seawater media, read-out signal was not affected and strong in all measurements (>100). This technology allows to work with different species, life stages, sizes, and metabolic rates, while minimising organismal manipulation and handling stress. The software is user-friendly and the calibration process meticulous but very straightforward.